Spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis hu, arthritis topics
Spine J, ; Neurosurg Clin N Am.
The use of direct electrical current for stimulation of fusion has been advocated by some to enhance fusion rates in patients at risk of pseudoarthrosis ie, persons who smoke. Spontaneous reduction of the slip either partial or complete has been reported by surgeons using interbody grafts after complete disc excision.
Dysplastic congenitalisthmic, degenerative, traumatic, pathologic and iatrogenic spondylolisthesis. The evidence in support of fusion for spondylolistheses types I, II, IV, and V and iatrogenic spondylolisthesis is strong.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science, 15, The pathophysiology of disk degeneration and facet arthropathy has been investigated extensively; however, the nature and etiology of pain generation in the absence of canal or lateral recess stenosis is still debated. The slip occurs from progressive spondylosis within this three-joint motion complex.
Hashemi, Masoud, et al.